пятница, 26 октября 2018 г.
On the Svarupa of the Jiva
Please, take into account that Shrila Bhakti Pragyana Keshava Swami's opinion explained below by his disciple Shrila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Swami that "So, we should have a fixed siddhanta that each jiva has its own shape, qualities, and service to Radha and Krsna. If one goes to madhurya-rasa association and he is (by constitution) in sakhya-rasa, he will remain in sakhya-rasa. He cannot be changed from that. Or, if he has a sakhya-rasa guru but he is in madhurya-rasa, then, like Gopa Kumara, he will not be satisfied in that." - this all is the false siddhanta, because shastras do not prohibit to change the mood and to serve the Lord in another form (svarupa) or in several simultaneously. Until the atma desires to serve the Lord in the particular mood, the particular svarupa is existing because the Lord is giving power to atma to serve in this svarupa through his internal potency (svarup-shakti). On the example of different associates of the Lord we see that they appear in different the forms in the Lord lilas: Jaya and Vijaya appeared in this universe as demons, Lord Shiva appeared as Hanuman and as Avaita Acharya, etc. The Lord is bound only by love, not by the shape. February 26, 1997, Bali Shrila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Svami Once, I was in Mathura. I was like the president of that matha – matha-raksaka (matha commander). There, in the month of Kartika , Pujyapada Shridhara Maharaja, Pujyapada Yayavara Maharaja, Pujyapada [Bhakti Dayita] Madhava Maharaja, and so many learned sannyasis of Shrila Prabhupada Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati were assembled. At that meeting, a junior sannyasi named Hrsikesa Maharaja asked to everyone – I was also very new, but I was attentively hearing all these things. He raised a question, “I have heard so many contradictory things about the jiva svarupa. Someone said that the jiva has no special svarupa. It is like white paper. As the jiva receives any association, something may come from that association and his svarupa will be like that. There is nothing specific in the svarupa of the jiva. “Some say, ‘No. There is some definite (specific) svarupa of the jiva.’ jivera svarupa haya krsnera nitya-dasa, krsnera tatastha sakti bheda’bheda prakasa (Shri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya-lila 20.108) ["It is the living entity’s constitutional position to be an eternal servant of Kṛṣṇa because he is the marginal energy of Kṛṣṇa and a manifestation simultaneously one with and different from the Lord."] Hrsikesa Maharaja continued, “They say, ‘Jivera svarupa haya krsnera nitya-dasa.’ The jivas each have a special kind of svarupa of nitya krsna dasa. If he is nitya-dasa, then certainly any of the five rasas will be there. Otherwise, how will he be nitya-dasa? There are five kinds of dasa – santa, dasya, sakhya, vatsalya, and madhurya. Any of the five must be the jiva’s svarupa forever. His body will be like so, as will all his qualities and his special rasa – how he will serve Krsna. Everything must be there. As in a seed, there is some potency of any special thing. It is not that from a particular seed, any plant may come.’ ”Hrsikesa Maharaja concluded, “So, we are in confusion about what to accept. In our line, has Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Prabhupada, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, or Shrila Jiva Gosvami made any good siddhanta – fixed siddhanta – for this or not?” We are in confusion. They [the sannyasi disciples of Shrila Prabhupada] were all discussing this very powerfully. All were so learned. You cannot imagine how learned was the caliber of that council of Vaisnavas, like Pujyapada Shridhara Maharaja, Guru Maharaja [Shrila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Maharaja], Shrila Yayavara Maharaja, Shrila Puri Maharaja, Shrila Gosvami Maharaja, and also Shrila Madhava Maharaja. At that time, we were very little babies [young devotees]. We had no courage to sit among them; we sat very far away. [At this point in the lecture, Shrila Narayana Maharaja folded his palms, as if offering pranama to the god-brothers of his guru maharaja.] But I was so bold that I took a panka (fan) [He then pretended to wave a fan in the air], and in this way, I stood close to them. I gave them water and other things. I was there, certainly, to hear all this and take notes. During the discussion, our Guru Maharaja gave so many good arguments that the jiva has a special svarupa. He said we don’t have to go very far away. Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has mentioned this in his Siksastakam explanation of the first sloka and the fifth sloka. The fifth sloka states, “Ayi nanda-tanuja kinkaram.” Nanda-tanuja kinkaram. What is this? One may be kinkara (a male servant), kinkari (a female servant) – anything – but of Krsna. Caitanya Mahaprabhu is also telling this, and Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura is explaining His words. As Krsna has a beautiful shape, the jiva has also, whether he is liberated or covered with maya in this world. There must be a potency of all these things – that the jiva has a very beautiful shape, either in dasya, sakhya, vatsalya, or madhurya. The jiva may even have a very beautiful gopi shape. What is the special service of that jiva? How old is he? What are his qualities? What is the color of his body? The speciality of all these must be there in potency – like a seed. In a seed, if there is potency of a mango, then a mango will come; no other tree will come. If it is a seed of a neem tree, banyan tree, plantain, or anything, only what is in the seed will manifest. Take hundreds of seeds to the bank of the Ganges and put them in that soil. You may give the same water, same air, and same sun rays, but you will see that different kinds of plants will come out. Different kinds of fruit will come; not the same. The association of water, sun, air, and soil; everything was the same. But why did the seeds produce so many separate things? All the jivas have separate shapes, attributes, qualities, serving moods, and so on. These will not be changed in any association. By association, the same thing the jiva has in his seed – that is, in his svarupa – will manifest. We see that Bhaktivinoda Thakura has written this. Jiva Gosvami has also pointed this out. All acaryas have pointed like this, especially, Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhusana; but we must have such intelligence that we can see all these things. Shrila Bhakti Raksaka Shridhara Maharaja gave an example of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Mahaprabhu wanted to change Murari Gupta, and also Shrivasa Pandita, who was Narada of Vaikuntha. But they were not changed. Also, Anupama was not changed. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami and his father and uncles were changed. Millions were changed, but they were not changed. Why? Because they were perfect in their svarupa. Hanuman was Murari Gupta, so he will not change. Shrivasa Acarya is always Narada, and he is out of maya. He will not be changed. Similarly, whatever is in one’s eternal svarupa will never be changed. My Guru Maharaja explained that those whose svarupa is of vraja-bhava, or gopi-bhava, or any bhava – no matter whom they associate with, they will have only what is in their svarupa. They will never be changed. Yasoda knows how Krsna loves the gopis, and the sakhas also know, but they will not be changed. Our svarupa is like that. He gave so many arguments there. They all [the god-brothers of Shrila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja] admitted this conclusion. So, we should have a fixed siddhanta that each jiva has its own shape, qualities, and service to Radha and Krsna. If one goes to madhurya-rasa association and he is (by constitution) in sakhya-rasa, he will remain in sakhya-rasa. He cannot be changed from that. Or, if he has a sakhya-rasa guru but he is in madhurya-rasa, then, like Gopa Kumara, he will not be satisfied in that. After reaching that, he will want more and more, and he will proceed to another Gurudeva. At last, he will go to that point – madhurya. Guru Maharaja gave so many arguments there, but I have no time to tell so elaborately.
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